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In association with a leading international law firm, Legalease are producing a series of online country comparative legal guides, designed to give the in-house community greater insight to the law and regulations in unfamiliar jurisdictions.

Each country chapter is written by a firm ranked by The Legal 500 in an easy to use Q&A format. The Compare Jurisdictions tool allows you to compare the areas of law you’re interested in across the jurisdictions of your choice.

Legal Disclaimer. The information and opinions within this website are for information purposes only. They are not intended to constitute legal or other professional advice, and should not be relied on or treated as a substitute for specific advice relevant to particular circumstances.

Guides

Banking & Finance

The Q&A template for each chapter has been provided by Benedikt Maurenbrecher, Stefan Kramer and Benjamin Leisinger of Homburger.

Bribery & Corruption

The Q&A template for each chapter has been provided by Joanna Ludlam of Baker McKenzie.

Construction

The Q&A template for each chapter has been provided by Bob Maynard of Bryan Cave Leighton Paisner LLP.

Corporate Governance

The Q&A template for each chapter has been provided by Lizanne Thomas and Kelly H. Turner of Jones Day.

Employee Incentives

The Q&A template for each chapter has been provided by Mahesh Varia of Travers Smith.

Employment & Labour Law

The Q&A template for each chapter has been provided by Nicola Rabson of Linklaters.

Fintech

The Q&A template for each chapter has been provided by Chris Hill of Kemp Little.

Insurance & Reinsurance

The Q&A template for each chapter has been provided by Katherine Coates of Clifford Chance.

Intellectual Property

The Q&A template for each chapter has been provided by Gordon Harris and Mathilda Davidson of Gowling WLG.

International Arbitration

The Q&A template for each chapter has been provided by Michael Polkinghorne of White & Case.

Litigation

The Q&A template for each chapter has been provided by Damian Taylor of Slaughter and May.

Merger Control

The Q&A template for each chapter has been provided by Alex Nourry of Clifford Chance.

Mergers & Acquisitions

The Q&A template for each chapter has been provided by Richard Hall of Cravath.

Private Client

The Q&A template for each chapter has been provided by Andrew Hine of Taylor Wessing.

Private Equity

The Q&A template for each chapter has been provided by David Higgins and Carlos Gil Rivas of Kirkland & Ellis International LLP.

Real Estate

The Q&A template for each chapter has been provided by Jonathan Solomon of Clifford Chance.

Restructuring & Insolvency

The Q&A template for each chapter has been provided by Kon Asimacopoulos and Partha Kar of Kirkland & Ellis International LLP.

Tax

The Q&A template for each chapter has been provided by Dr. Simon Whitehead and Michael Anderson of Joseph Hage Aaronson LLP.

Technology

The Q&A template for each chapter has been provided by Kit Burden of DLA Piper.

Comparative Function

Promoted Features

Hot Topics

The Hot Topic in United States M&A – Corwin

INTRODUCTION The general question of corporate governance can be summarized, in the context of public companies, as three interrelated questions:  who has decision-making authority; how are they constrained in the exercise of that authority; and how are they held accountable for that exercise?  In this model, the U.S. approach to corporate governance has historically been …

Brexit and mergers

Losing the ‘one-stop-shop’: the real cost of a dual UK/EU merger process post-Brexit With only a matter of months left before the UK officially leaves the EU, the Government is no clearer as to what a deal (if indeed there is one) will look like.  Meanwhile businesses across the country remain largely in the dark …

The role of Litigation PR both outside and inside the courtroom

THE ASYMMETRIC APPROACH King Pyrrhus of Epirus famously said: “If we are victorious in one more battle with the Romans, we shall be utterly ruined.” He was talking in 279 BC about the large number of soldiers he had lost in the battle of Asculum, but today he could just as easily have been referring to the …

Litigation Finance: Key Trends and Opportunities

Much of the commentary about litigation finance focuses on its growth—and it has indeed grown. An overwhelming majority—70 percent—of private practice and in-house lawyers in the UK say that their organisations’ use of litigation finance has increased in the last two years, according to the 2017 Litigation Finance Survey. More interesting than where litigation finance …

Intellectual Property – Comparative Guide Introduction

History does not stand still, so nor does intellectual property law. 2016 and so far in 2017 we have seen change and the indication of upheaval to come. In respect of patents, the litigation landscape will be markedly changed by the coming into force of the Unified Patent Court (UPC) in most European countries. The …

Insurability of GDPR Fines in Austria – Yet another “Moral Hazard” Debate?

The European Union’s new data protection regime – the General Data Protection Regulation (EU) 2016/679 (“GDPR”), which replaced its 20-year-old predecessor – attracted international attention even beyond the EU’s borders in recent months. In fact, few other instruments of secondary European Union law have been more widely received and discussed than the GDPR. The reasons …

Regulators Struggle to Raise the Standard of Care for Financial Advice

On March 15, 2018, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit (“Fifth Circuit”) in a 2-1 decision vacated the Obama-era U.S. Department of Labor’s (“DOL”) Fiduciary Rule (“Fiduciary Rule”), which responded to a historical shift from traditional pension plans to individually managed accounts, such as individual retirement accounts (“IRAs”) and 401(k)s. The Fiduciary …

Fintech – Trends and Developments in France

Overview of the current legal market in France and recent developments French authorities and regulators have exhibited constant interest for FinTechs, which are driving technological innovation and providing additional financing sources . François Villeroy de Galhau, Governor of the French central bank and Chairman of the French banking regulator, said in 2017 that “the digital …

A Blockchain Reaction

Malta’s proactive approach towards asserting itself as a leader in the regulation of virtual financial assets. Anyone taking even the slightest interest in FinTech over the past few years would be very much aware of the increased adoption of cryptocurrencies, ICOs and utility tokens as alternative methods of raising finance or creating a challenge to …

Introductory Chapter – Kemp Little LLP

2018 has seen a series of marked advancements towards the growth, maturity and consolidation of the fintech market, in its many facets – but it is in our view still only in the early stages of its overall growth curve. Incumbent financial institutions are starting to see fintech as less of a threat and more …

Restrictive Covenants under Turkish Law

The success of a business resides in its employees. Even the biggest corporate structures depend on its employees to conduct its business. That is why, during the course of employment employer’s valuable information that is integral to its activities such as its business models, client profiles and marketing strategies are exposed to the use of …

Nikesh Tarachand Shah v. Union of India – Constitutionality of the pre-bail conditions provided in the Prevention of the Money Laundering Act, 2002

The question “Bail or Jail?” at the pre-trail stage, as famously pointed out by the famous Indian jurist, Hon’ble V R Krishna Iyer, shall always belong to the “blurred area of the criminal justice system”[1]. The Indian courts, in line with the Eight Amendment of the US Constitution, have acknowledged that ‘bail, not jail, is …

The recast Payment Services Directive and its proposed transposition into Greek Law

Directive 2015/2366/EC, known as the recast Payment Services Directive (PSD2), entered into force on 12.01.2016 and requires Member States to ensure compliance with its provisions by 13.01.2018. According to its Preamble, the PSD2 seeks to achieve alignment with the developments in the market and the emergence of new technologies and types of payment services, to …